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Exodus 23

 
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1 οὐ παραδέξῃ ἀκοὴν ματαίαν οὐ συγκαταθήσῃ μετὰ τοῦ ἀδίκου γενέσθαι μάρτυς ἄδικος 2 οὐκ ἔσῃ μετὰ πλειόνων ἐπὶ κακίᾳ οὐ προστεθήσῃ μετὰ πλήθους ἐκκλῖναι μετὰ πλειόνων ὥστε ἐκκλῖναι κρίσιν 3 καὶ πένητα οὐκ ἐλεήσεις ἐν κρίσει 1 Never must thou take up a false cry, or join hands with the guilty by giving false witness in their favour. 2 Never must thou follow with the crowd in doing wrong, or be swayed by many voices so as to give false judgement; 3 even pity for the poor must not sway thee when judgement is to be given.[1] 1 Non suscipies vocem mendacii, nec junges manum tuam ut pro impio dicas falsum testimonium. 2 Non sequeris turbam ad faciendum malum: nec in judicio, plurimorum acquiesces sententiæ, ut a vero devies. 3 Pauperis quoque non misereberis in judicio.
4 ἐὰν δὲ συναντήσῃς τῷ βοὶ τοῦ ἐχθροῦ σου ἢ τῷ ὑποζυγίῳ αὐτοῦ πλανωμένοις ἀποστρέψας ἀποδώσεις αὐτῷ 5 ἐὰν δὲ ἴδῃς τὸ ὑποζύγιον τοῦ ἐχθροῦ σου πεπτωκὸς ὑπὸ τὸν γόμον αὐτοῦ οὐ παρελεύσῃ αὐτό ἀλλὰ συνεγερεῖς αὐτὸ με{T'} αὐτοῦ 4 If thou hast an enemy, and findest his ox or his ass going astray, take it back to him. 5 Here is one that hates thee, and his ass has fallen under its burden; do not pass by, help him to lift it up. 4 Si occurreris bovi inimici tui, aut asino erranti, reduc ad eum. 5 Si videris asinum odientis te jacere sub onere, non pertransibis, sed sublevabis cum eo.
6 οὐ διαστρέψεις κρίμα πένητος ἐν κρίσει αὐτοῦ 7 ἀπὸ παντὸς ῥήματος ἀδίκου ἀποστήσῃ ἀθῷον καὶ δίκαιον οὐκ ἀποκτενεῖς καὶ οὐ δικαιώσεις τὸν ἀσεβῆ ἕνεκεν δώρων 8 καὶ δῶρα οὐ λήμψῃ τὰ γὰρ δῶρα ἐκτυφλοῖ ὀφθαλμοὺς βλεπόντων καὶ λυμαίνεται ῥήματα δίκαια 9 καὶ προσήλυτον οὐ θλίψετε ὑμεῖς γὰρ οἴδατε τὴν ψυχὴν τοῦ προσηλύτου αὐτοὶ γὰρ προσήλυτοι ἦτε ἐν γῇ Αἰγύπτῳ 6 Do not give false judgement when the cause of the poor is tried. 7 Keep clear of untruth. Do not bring death on an innocent man that has justice on his side; I give no countenance to the wrong-doer. 8 Beware of accepting bribes; they blind even the prudent, and disturb the judgement even of just men. 9 Do not oppress the alien; you know what it is to be an alien, since you yourselves were exiles in the land of Egypt. 6 Non declinabis in judicium pauperis. 7 Mendacium fugies. Insontem et justum non occides: quia aversor impium. 8 Nec accipies munera, quæ etiam excæcant prudentes, et subvertunt verba justorum. 9 Peregrino molestus non eris. Scitis enim advenarum animas: quia et ipsi peregrini fuistis in terra Ægypti.
10 ἓξ ἔτη σπερεῖς τὴν γῆν σου καὶ συνάξεις τὰ γενήματα αὐτῆς 11 τῷ δὲ ἑβδόμῳ ἄφεσιν ποιήσεις καὶ ἀνήσεις αὐτήν καὶ ἔδονται οἱ πτωχοὶ τοῦ ἔθνους σου τὰ δὲ ὑπολειπόμενα ἔδεται τὰ ἄγρια θηρία οὕτως ποιήσεις τὸν ἀμπελῶνά σου καὶ τὸν ἐλαιῶνά σου 12 ἓξ ἡμέρας ποιήσεις τὰ ἔργα σου τῇ δὲ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἑβδόμῃ ἀνάπαυσις ἵνα ἀναπαύσηται ὁ βοῦς σου καὶ τὸ ὑποζύγιόν σου καὶ ἵνα ἀναψύξῃ ὁ υἱὸς τῆς παιδίσκης σου καὶ ὁ προσήλυτος 10 For six years together thou mayst sow thy land, and gather the crop from it; 11 in the seventh year leave it alone, to lie fallow, and give thy poorer neighbours food; all that is left, the wild beasts may eat. And thou shalt do the like with thy vineyard and thy oliveyard. 12 For six days together thou shalt do the tasks thou hast to do, and on the seventh leave off working; so shall ox and ass of thine have rest, home-born slave and alien that works for thee revive their spirits. 10 Sex annis seminabis terram tuam, et congregabis fruges ejus: 11 anno autem septimo dimittes eam, et requiescere facies, ut comedant pauperes populi tui: et quidquid reliquum fuerit, edant bestiæ agri: ita facies in vinea et in oliveto tuo. 12 Sex diebus operaberis: septimo die cessabis, ut requiescat bos et asinus tuus, et refrigeretur filius ancillæ tuæ, et advena.
13 πάντα ὅσα εἴρηκα πρὸς ὑμᾶς φυλάξασθε καὶ ὄνομα θεῶν ἑτέρων οὐκ ἀναμνησθήσεσθε οὐδὲ μὴ ἀκουσθῇ ἐκ τοῦ στόματος ὑμῶν 13 Observe all these commandments of mine, and never take an oath by the names of alien gods, or let such names be heard on your lips. 13 Omnia quæ dixi vobis, custodite. Et per nomen externorum deorum non jurabitis, neque audietur ex ore vestro.
14 τρεῖς καιροὺς τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἑορτάσατέ μοι 15 τὴν ἑορτὴν τῶν ἀζύμων φυλάξασθε ποιεῖν ἑπτὰ ἡμέρας ἔδεσθε ἄζυμα καθάπερ ἐνετειλάμην σοι κατὰ τὸν καιρὸν τοῦ μηνὸς τῶν νέων ἐν γὰρ αὐτῷ ἐξῆλθες ἐξ Αἰγύπτου οὐκ ὀφθήσῃ ἐνώπιόν μου κενός 16 καὶ ἑορτὴν θερισμοῦ πρωτογενημάτων ποιήσεις τῶν ἔργων σου ὧν ἐὰν σπείρῃς ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ σου καὶ ἑορτὴν συντελείας ἐ{P'} ἐξόδου τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ τῶν ἔργων σου τῶν ἐκ τοῦ ἀγροῦ σου 17 τρεῖς καιροὺς τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ὀφθήσεται πᾶν ἀρσενικόν σου ἐνώπιον κυρίου τοῦ θεοῦ σου 14 Thrice a year keep holiday in my honour. 15 There is the feast of unleavened bread to be observed; for seven days, in the first month of spring, the month of thy rescue from Egypt, thou shalt eat unleavened bread in obedience to my command. Then thou shalt present thyself before me with gifts.[2] 16 And there is the feast of harvest, when the fields thou hast sown reward thy labour with first-fruits; and another feast at the end of the year, when the last of thy crops has been gathered in. 17 Thrice, then, in the year all thy men folk must present themselves before the Lord thy God. 14 Tribus vicibus per singulos annos mihi festa celebrabitis. 15 Solemnitatem azymorum custodies. Septem diebus comedes azyma, sicut præcepi tibi, tempore mensis novorum, quando egressus es de Ægypto: non apparebis in conspectu meo vacuus. 16 Et solemnitatem messis primitivorum operis tui, quæcumque seminaveris in agro: solemnitatem quoque in exitu anni, quando congregaveris omnes fruges tuas de agro. 17 Ter in anno apparebit omne masculinum tuum coram Domino Deo tuo.
18 ὅταν γὰρ ἐκβάλω ἔθνη ἀπὸ προσώπου σου καὶ ἐμπλατύνω τὰ ὅριά σου οὐ θύσεις ἐπὶ ζύμῃ αἷμα θυσιάσματός μου οὐδὲ μὴ κοιμηθῇ στέαρ τῆς ἑορτῆς μου ἕως πρωί 18 When thou offerest living things in sacrifice to me, the bread that goes with them shall not be leavened, nor shalt thou leave the fat of my victims unconsumed till the morrow. 18 Non immolabis super fermento sanguinem victimæ meæ, nec remanebit adeps solemnitatis meæ usque mane.
19 τὰς ἀπαρχὰς τῶν πρωτογενημάτων τῆς γῆς σου εἰσοίσεις εἰς τὸν οἶκον κυρίου τοῦ θεοῦ σου οὐχ ἑψήσεις ἄρνα ἐν γάλακτι μητρὸς αὐτοῦ 19 The first-fruits of thy land must be brought to the house of the Lord thy God.
Seething a kid in its dam’s milk is a rite forbidden thee.[3]
19 Primitias frugum terræ tuæ deferes in domum Domini Dei tui. Non coques hædum in lacte matris suæ.
20 καὶ ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ ἀποστέλλω τὸν ἄγγελόν μου πρὸ προσώπου σου ἵνα φυλάξῃ σε ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ ὅπως εἰσαγάγῃ σε εἰς τὴν γῆν ἣν ἡτοίμασά σοι 21 πρόσεχε σεαυτῷ καὶ εἰσάκουε αὐτοῦ καὶ μὴ ἀπείθει αὐτῷ οὐ γὰρ μὴ ὑποστείληταί σε τὸ γὰρ ὄνομά μού ἐστιν ἐ{P'} αὐτῷ 22 ἐὰν ἀκοῇ ἀκούσητε τῆς ἐμῆς φωνῆς καὶ ποιήσῃς πάντα ὅσα ἂν ἐντείλωμαί σοι καὶ φυλάξητε τὴν διαθήκην μου ἔσεσθέ μοι λαὸς περιούσιος ἀπὸ πάντων τῶν ἐθνῶν ἐμὴ γάρ ἐστιν πᾶσα ἡ γῆ ὑμεῖς δὲ ἔσεσθέ μοι βασίλειον ἱεράτευμα καὶ ἔθνος ἅγιον ταῦτα τὰ ῥήματα ἐρεῖς τοῖς υἱοῖς Ισραηλ ἐὰν ἀκοῇ ἀκούσητε τῆς φωνῆς μου καὶ ποιήσῃς πάντα ὅσα ἂν εἴπω σοι ἐχθρεύσω τοῖς ἐχθροῖς σου καὶ ἀντικείσομαι τοῖς ἀντικειμένοις σοι 23 πορεύσεται γὰρ ὁ ἄγγελός μου ἡγούμενός σου καὶ εἰσάξει σε πρὸς τὸν Αμορραῖον καὶ Χετταῖον καὶ Φερεζαῖον καὶ Χαναναῖον καὶ Γεργεσαῖον καὶ Ευαῖον καὶ Ιεβουσαῖον καὶ ἐκτρίψω αὐτούς 24 οὐ προσκυνήσεις τοῖς θεοῖς αὐτῶν οὐδὲ μὴ λατρεύσῃς αὐτοῖς οὐ ποιήσεις κατὰ τὰ ἔργα αὐτῶν ἀλλὰ καθαιρέσει καθελεῖς καὶ συντρίβων συντρίψεις τὰς στήλας αὐτῶν 25 καὶ λατρεύσεις κυρίῳ τῷ θεῷ σου καὶ εὐλογήσω τὸν ἄρτον σου καὶ τὸν οἶνόν σου καὶ τὸ ὕδωρ σου καὶ ἀποστρέψω μαλακίαν ἀ{F'} ὑμῶν 26 οὐκ ἔσται ἄγονος οὐδὲ στεῖρα ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς σου τὸν ἀριθμὸν τῶν ἡμερῶν σου ἀναπληρώσω 20 And now I am sending my angel to go before thee and guard thee on thy way, and lead thee to the place I have made ready for thee. 21 Give him good heed, and listen to his bidding; think not to treat him with neglect. He will not overlook thy faults, and in him dwells the power of my name. 22 If thou wilt listen to his warnings, and do all I bid thee, then thy enemies shall find an enemy in me, and those who shew thee no mercy shall find me merciless. 23 So this angel of mine will go on before thee, leading thee on into the land of Amorrhite and Hethite, Pherezite and Chanaanite, Hevite and Jebusite; and all these I will destroy. 24 Do not bow down to their gods and worship them, or follow their customs; sweep them away, and break down their monuments. 25 All your loyalty must be for the Lord your God. So I will enrich thee with the bread and the water thou needest, and keep sickness far away from thy company; 26 there shall be no unfruitfulness in thy land, no barrenness; and I will grant thee a full span of days. 20 Ecce ego mittam angelum meum, qui præcedat te, et custodiat in via, et introducat in locum quem paravi. 21 Observa eum, et audi vocem ejus, nec contemnendum putes: quia non dimittet cum peccaveris, et est nomen meum in illo. 22 Quod si audieris vocem ejus, et feceris omnia quæ loquor, inimicus ero inimicis tuis, et affligam affligentes te. 23 Præcedetque te angelus meus, et introducet te ad Amorrhæum, et Hethæum, et Pherezæum, Chananæumque, et Hevæum, et Jebusæum, quos ego conteram. 24 Non adorabis deos eorum, nec coles eos: non facies opera eorum, sed destrues eos, et confringes statuas eorum. 25 Servietisque Domino Deo vestro, ut benedicam panibus tuis et aquis, et auferam infirmitatem de medio tui. 26 Non erit infœcunda, nec sterilis in terra tua: numerum dierum tuorum implebo.
27 καὶ τὸν φόβον ἀποστελῶ ἡγούμενόν σου καὶ ἐκστήσω πάντα τὰ ἔθνη εἰς οὓς σὺ εἰσπορεύῃ εἰς αὐτούς καὶ δώσω πάντας τοὺς ὑπεναντίους σου φυγάδας 28 καὶ ἀποστελῶ τὰς σφηκίας προτέρας σου καὶ ἐκβαλεῖ τοὺς Αμορραίους καὶ τοὺς Ευαίους καὶ τοὺς Χαναναίους καὶ τοὺς Χετταίους ἀπὸ σοῦ 29 οὐκ ἐκβαλῶ αὐτοὺς ἐν ἐνιαυτῷ ἑνί ἵνα μὴ γένηται ἡ γῆ ἔρημος καὶ πολλὰ γένηται ἐπὶ σὲ τὰ θηρία τῆς γῆς 30 κατὰ μικρὸν μικρὸν ἐκβαλῶ αὐτοὺς ἀπὸ σοῦ ἕως ἂν αὐξηθῇς καὶ κληρονομήσῃς τὴν γῆν 31 καὶ θήσω τὰ ὅριά σου ἀπὸ τῆς ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης ἕως τῆς θαλάσσης τῆς Φυλιστιιμ καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς ἐρήμου ἕως τοῦ μεγάλου ποταμοῦ Εὐφράτου καὶ παραδώσω εἰς τὰς χεῖρας ὑμῶν τοὺς ἐγκαθημένους ἐν τῇ γῇ καὶ ἐκβαλῶ αὐτοὺς ἀπὸ σοῦ 32 οὐ συγκαταθήσῃ αὐτοῖς καὶ τοῖς θεοῖς αὐτῶν διαθήκην 33 καὶ οὐκ ἐγκαθήσονται ἐν τῇ γῇ σου ἵνα μὴ ἁμαρτεῖν σε ποιήσωσιν πρός με ἐὰν γὰρ δουλεύσῃς τοῖς θεοῖς αὐτῶν οὗτοι ἔσονταί σοι πρόσκομμα 27 I mean to make the fear of me go in front of thee, bringing destruction upon the whole people thou goest to meet; all thy enemies shall turn their backs before thee. 28 I will send in hornets first, to make cowards of Hevite and Chanaanite and Hethite before ever thou goest in. 29 Only I will not drive them out before thee all in one year; that would make a wilderness of the land, and the wild beasts in it would multiply, to thy harm. 30 I will make them yield little by little before thy onset, so that thou wilt have time to increase, and populate the land. 31 The frontiers I give thee are the Red Sea and the sea of the Philistines, the desert and the river Euphrates.[4] All the inhabitants of the land shall be at your mercy, and I will drive them out before you. 32 Thou shalt make no treaty with them, nor with their gods. 33 They must not share thy territory, or they would persuade thee to commit sin against me, by worshipping their gods; no doubt of it, they will ensnare thee. 27 Terrorem meum mittam in præcursum tuum, et occidam omnem populum, ad quem ingredieris: cunctorumque inimicorum tuorum coram te terga vertam: 28 emittens crabrones prius, qui fugabunt Hevæum, et Chananæum, et Hethæum, antequam introëas. 29 Non ejiciam eos a facie tua anno uno: ne terra in solitudinem redigatur, et crescant contra te bestiæ. 30 Paulatim expellam eos de conspectu tuo, donec augearis, et possideas terram. 31 Ponam autem terminos tuos a mari Rubro usque ad mare Palæstinorum, et a deserto usque ad fluvium: tradam in manibus vestris habitatores terræ, et ejiciam eos de conspectu vestro. 32 Non inibis cum eis fœdus, nec cum diis eorum. 33 Non habitent in terra tua, ne forte peccare te faciant in me, si servieris diis eorum: quod tibi certe erit in scandalum.
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Copyright © 2013 by Kevin Knight. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.