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(Or CADES; Hebrew, Qédésh, sanctuary; Greek,
(1) A Levitical city and place of refuge in Nephtali (Joshua 19:37; 20:7; 21:32; 1 Chronicles 6:76) hence called "Cedes in Nephtali" (Judges 4:6), or "Cedes in Galilee" (Joshua 20:7, etc.), to distinguish it from Cedes in Issachar and Cades (Heb. Qédésh) in the Nageb. The form Cades occurs in the Vulg. Only in Joshua 12:22, and I Mach., xi, 63, 73. The name would indicate that it was a sacred city before the Hebrew occupation. Cedes was the home of Barac, and here he and Debbora gathered their army, consisting mainly of men of Nephtali, Zabulon and Issachar, before giving battle to Sisara, near Mt. Thabor (Judges 4:6, 10 sq.; 5:15). In the reign of Phacee, King of Israel, it was taken by Theglathphalasar and its inhabitants were carried captives to Assyria (2 Kings 15:29). During the Machabean wars Jonathan defeated the generals of Demetrius II, Nicanor, in its neighbourhood (1 Maccabees 11:63-74). At the time of the great Jewish rebellion it was in the hands of the Tyrians, and Titus camped under its walls before taking Gishala (Joseph., Bell. Jud., II, xviii, 1; IV, ii, 3). In Josephus it appears variously as
Exception has recently been taken by Conder, Hummelauer, Zanecchia, etc., to the common opinion which connects this Cedes with the events of Judges 4. They would place the home of Barac at another Cedes, in the south of Nephtali, which they identify with Kirbet Qadîsh on the Lake of Genesareth, south of Tiberias. A city of Cedes existing at this point would throw light on some of the details of the narrative. It would help to explain how Barac managed to assemble a large force without interference on the part of Jabin, King of Asor, which is hard to understand if the rendezvous was the Cedes of Upper Galilee. Its nearness to Mt. Thabor would also explain why the battle with Sisara came to be fought near that mountain. Lastly, the arrival of the flying Sisara at the tent of Jahel, apparently on the day of the battle itself, would be more readily understood. The only direct argument, however, for the existence of this second Cedes is the similarity of the name Qadîsh. The identification of Sennim (Hebrew Ca ánánnîm or Beçá ánánnîm), where the tents of Haber the Cinite were pitched, with Sinn-en-Nabrah (Hummelauer) or the Khirbet Bessûm (Conder) is too uncertain to base any conclusions upon it.
(2) A Levitical city of Issachar assigned to the family of Gersom (1 Chronicles 6:72-Heb. 57). In the parallel list of Joshua 21:28 it is called Cesion. The Cades of Joshua 12:22, commonly held to be Cedes in Galilee, is by some identified with the Cedes of Issachar.
ROBINSON, Bibl. Research. (London, 1856) III, 367; Survey W. Pal., Mem., I, 204, 226 sq.; GUERIN, Galilée (Paris, 1874-75), II, 355 sq.; ZANECCHIA, La Pal. D'auj., II, 715; BUHL, Geog. Des alt. Pal., 235 sq.; HUMMELAUER, Comm. In Jos., 437, 442; LEGENDRE in Vig., Dict. De la Bible, II, 360.
APA citation. (1908). Cedes. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03475b.htm
MLA citation. "Cedes." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03475b.htm>.
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Ted Rego.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. November 1, 1908. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.
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