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A number of columns symmetrically arranged in one or more rows. It is termed monostyle when of one row, polystyle when of many. If surrounding a building or court, it is called a peristyle; when projecting beyond the line of the building a portico. Sometimes it supports a building, sometimes a roof only. For ecclesiastical architecture the most famous specimen is the colonnade of St. Peter's, erected 1665-67 by Bernini, with 284 columns and 162 statues of saints on balustrades (see BERNINI).
ANDERSON AND SPIERS. The Architecture of Greece and Rome (London, 1903); GWILT, Encyclopedia of Architecture (London, 1881).
APA citation. (1908). Colonnade. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04128c.htm
MLA citation. "Colonnade." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04128c.htm>.
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.
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