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The most northern of the five principal Philistine cities (Joshua 13:3; 15:11; 15:46). We do not know whether it was founded by the Philistines or the Hevites. It was first given to the tribe of Juda (Joshua 15:11; 15:45) and then to Dan (Joshua 19:43). Juda conquered it for a time (Judges 1:18), but it fell again into the hands of the Philistines, who brought here the captive ark of the covenant after it had passed through Azotus and Geth (1 Samuel 5:10). It came near being reconquered by Israel after the defeat of Goliath (1 Samuel 7:14). The city possessed a famous sanctuary of Beelzebub (2 Kings 1:2-3; 1:6; 1:16), and was often denounced by the prophets (Jeremiah 25:20; Amos 1:8; Zephaniah 2:4; Zechariah 9:5). King Alexander Bales gave the city to Jonathan Machabeus (1 Maccabees 10:89). Robinson identified it with the village Akir, a station on the railway from Jaffa to Jerusalem.
HAGEN, Lexicon Biblicum (Paris, 1905); GUERIN in Dict. de la Bible (Paris, 1895).
APA citation. (1907). Accaron. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01093b.htm
MLA citation. "Accaron." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01093b.htm>.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.
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